Portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) is the term used to describe the endoscopic appearance of gastric mucosa seen in patients with cirrhotic or non-cirrhotic portal hypertension with a characteristic mosaic-like pattern with or without red spots. The prevalence of PHG varies from 50% to 98%, this variation of the prevalence being perhaps related to patient selection, inter- and intra-observer variation and absence of uniform criteria and classification. About 8% of the upper digestive hemorrhages in the cirrhotic patients are secondary to PHG. There is no general consensus on the endoscopic classification of PHG (the most New Italian Endoscopy Club). The exact pathogenesis of PHG is not completely understood, but the portal hypertension is the main factor involved in its development and not the severity of the hepatic disease. Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia (GAVE) is a term used for the typical endoscopic findings of red stripes, separated by normal mucosa, most frequently seen in the gastric antrum or proximal stomach. Current therapy of PHG includes beta blockers, somatostatin and derivates, endoscopic and surgical methods including hepatic transplantation.
Negreanu, L., Buşegeanu, C., Trandafir, D., Dragomir, P., Udeanu, M., Fierbinţeanu-Braticevici, C., & Andronescu, D. (2005). Portal hypertensive gastropathy. Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine = Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne. https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.175.6.1751609