Positional relationship between recurrent intracerebral hemorrhage/lacunar infarction and previously detected microbleeds

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although MBs, ICH, and LI are secondary to cerebral microangiopathy, it remains unclear whether the location of subsequent ICH/LI corresponds to the previous location of MBs. We performed this study to clarify the positional relationship between recurrent ICH/LI and previously detected MBs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated patients with recurrent ICH/LI who had MBs, as shown on prior T2*-weighted MR imaging. We assessed retrospectively whether the location of recurrent ICH/LI corresponded to that of the prior MB. Patients with ICH were divided into the deep ICH group and the lobar ICH group, and the positional relationship between hematoma and previously detected MBs was evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 55 patients, including 34 with recurrent ICH and 21 with recurrent LI were evaluated. Although the location of the LI corresponded to prior MBs in only 1 patient (4.8%), the location of ICH corresponded to prior locations of MBs in 21 patients (61.8%) (OR, 32.3; 95% CI, 3.86-270.3; P < .001). Among the patients with ICH, the correspondence ratio was higher in the deep ICH group (19 of 24 patients, 79.2%) than in the lobar ICH group (2 of 10 patients, 20%) (OR, 15.2; 95% CI, 2.42-95.3; P < .002). CONCLUSIONS: The close positional association between recurrent ICH and prior MBs suggests that MBs represent hemorrhage-prone microangiopathy. In addition, different correspondence ratios between the deep ICH group and the lobar ICH group may be attributable to their different pathogenesis.

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Sueda, Y., Naka, H., Ohtsuki, T., Kono, T., Aoki, S., Ohshita, T., … Matsumoto, M. (2010). Positional relationship between recurrent intracerebral hemorrhage/lacunar infarction and previously detected microbleeds. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 31(8), 1498–1503. https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A2100

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