In this paper, possibility and necessity representations of fuzzy inequality constraints are presented and then crisp versions of the constraints are derived. Here analogous to chance constraints, real-life necessity and possibility constraints in the context of two warehouse multi-item dynamic production-inventory control system are defined and defuzzified following fuzzy relations. Hence, a realistic two warehouse multi-item production-inventory model with fuzzy constraints has been formulated for a finite period of time and solved for optimal production with the objective of having maximum profit. The rate of production is unknown, assumed to be a function of time and considered as a control variable. Also the present system produces some defective units alongwith the perfect ones and the rate of produced defective units is stochastic in nature. Demand of the good units is stock dependent and known and the defective units are sold at a reduced price. The space required per unit item and available storage space are assumed to be imprecise. The inequality of budget constraints is also imprecise. The space and budget constraints are expressed as necessity and/or possibility types. The model is reduced to an equivalent deterministic model using fuzzy relations and solved for optimum production function using Pontryagin's optimal control policy, the Kuhn-Tucker conditions and generalized reduced gradient (GRG) technique. The model is illustrated numerically and values of demand, optimal production function and stock level are presented in both tabular and pictorial forms. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Maity, K. (2011). Possibility and necessity representations of fuzzy inequality and its application to two warehouse production-inventory problem. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 35(3), 1252–1263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.2010.09.002