The possible physical barrier and coastal dispersal strategy for Japanese grenadier anchovy, Coilia nasus in the East China sea and Yellow sea: Evidence from AFLP markers

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Abstract

© 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.In order to ascertain the taxonomic status of the Ariake Sea population of Japanese grenadier anchovy, Coilia nasus, and assess the contemporary possible genetic barrier between the west and east coastal waters of the East China Sea, we used amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers to detect the genetic structure of C. nasus, in the East China Sea and Yellow Sea. Eighty-one individuals of C. nasus were collected from five locations and 12 individuals of Coilia mystus were sampled from the Yangtze River Estuary. A total of 371 loci were detected by five primer combinations, 310 of which were polymorphic (83.56%). Analysis of molecular variation (AMOVA) and pairwise fixation index (FST) revealed significant genetic differentiation among five samples, indicating limited gene flow among populations. The dendrogram for populations by neighbor-joining (NJ) cluster analysis provided evidence of a clear relationship between genetic and geographic patterns, supporting significant genetic differentiation between China coastal populations and Ariake Sea populations. Compared to the genetic divergence between C. nasus and C. mystus, the level of genetic differentiation between China and the Ariake Sea populations of C. nasus is obvious below the species level, indicating isolated populations of C. nasus in the Ariake Sea. Isolation by distance analysis revealed that direct ocean distance with deep-water at the continental slope and high salinity between west and east coastal waters of the East China Sea served as major physical barrier to C. nasus, supporting the coastal dispersal pattern in this estuarine species, and rejecting offshore dispersal strategy.

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Han, Z. Q., Han, G., Wang, Z. Y., & Gao, T. X. (2015). The possible physical barrier and coastal dispersal strategy for Japanese grenadier anchovy, Coilia nasus in the East China sea and Yellow sea: Evidence from AFLP markers. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 16(2), 3283–3297. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms16023283

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