The rostral migratory stream (RMS) is composed of neuroblasts migrating from the striatal SVZ to the olfactory bulb through a meshwork of GFAP- expressing astrocytes called the glial tube. So far, the origin of the glial tube astrocytes was attributed to differentiation of Type-B stem cells of the striatal SVZ. The true identity of these cells (Type-B stem cells versus immature/mature astrocytes) is also unclear. By analyzing a neocortex-specific conditional knockout of the transcriptional repressor Sip1 (Smad-interacting protein 1), we have now identified a novel pool of progenitors located within the dorsal SVZ (dSVZ) at early postnatal stages that differentiate into GFAP+ cells of the glial tube. We show that Sip1, expressed in postmitotic cortical neurons, controls the size of this dorsal progenitor pool possibly through cell-extrinsic mechanisms. Lack of Sip1 in the neocortex causes an expansion of this population leading to an increased production of GFAP+ astrocytes/Type-B stem cells in the glial tube, and a denser intercalation of these cells with Dcx+ neuroblasts of the RMS, the consequence of which is not yet clear. Neocortex-specific Sip1 deletion also led to an expansion of Dcx+ and Tbr2+ progenitor populations in the dSVZ. We show that the dSVZ progenitors (possibly remnants of embryonic radial glia) differentiate exclusively into BLBP+ cells which migrate into the RMS and mature into GFAP+ astrocytes/Type-B stem cells at around two weeks of postnatal development. In summary, our work shows that Sip1 controls the generation of GFAP+ cells of the RMS by regulating the size of a novel progenitor pool located in the postnatal dSVZ. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Nityanandam, A., Parthasarathy, S., & Tarabykin, V. (2012). Postnatal subventricular zone of the neocortex contributes GFAP+ cells to the rostral migratory stream under the control of Sip1. Developmental Biology, 366(2), 341–356. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2012.03.013