Potential benefits of palliative care for polysymptomatic patients with late-stage nonmalignant disease in Taiwan

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Abstract

Background/Purpose: Taiwan is only now beginning to offer palliative care to patients who do not have cancer. This study aimed to document the polysymptomatic presentation of illness in Taiwanese patients with late-stage nonmalignant disease and to evaluate the potential benefits of palliative care for these patients. The results may help to educate healthcare personnel regarding the need for and importance of palliative treatment as comprehensive, appropriate end-of-life care for patients with nonmalignant disease. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 115 patients without cancer hospitalized in a community hospital in Taiwan: 61 had organic brain disease, 31 had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 17 had chronic renal failure, 14 had congestive heart failure, 12 had liver cirrhosis, and 20 had multiple illnesses. The median age was 81 years (interquartile range 69-86 years), and 51% of patients were enrolled from intensive care. Symptoms and their severity were analyzed. Patients' and their families' understanding of the diagnosis and prognosis and "Do Not Resuscitate" (DNR) consent were evaluated pre- and post-palliative care. Results: The four leading symptoms were fatigue (96%), fever (86%), cough (81%), and dyspnea (79%). No significant differences in symptom prevalence were found between different sexes, ages, performance statuses, ward locations, or underlying diseases, except for fewer episodes of dizziness, more frequent episodes of cough in patients older than 80 years, and more episodes of jaundice in ward service subjects. Only the presence of abdominal distension differed significantly between surviving and deceased patients (22.9% vs. 40.3%; p = 0.004). After the start of palliative care, patients' DNR consent increased (105/115 before, 114/115 after). Patients' recognition of the diagnosis and prognosis increased from 13 to 64, respectively, with a simultaneous increase in family members' recognition (66 before, 114 after). Conclusion: Hospice care with good symptom control is warranted for patients with late-stage nonmalignant disease who need appropriate end-of-life care. Medical personnel need education in the importance of palliative care and the identification of patients who could benefit from it. In addition, patients should be informed of its availability. © 2012 Elsevier Taiwan LLC & Formosan Medical Association.

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APA

Hung, Y. S., Chen, C. H., Yeh, K. Y., Chang, H., Huang, Y. C., Chang, C. L., … Chou, W. C. (2013). Potential benefits of palliative care for polysymptomatic patients with late-stage nonmalignant disease in Taiwan. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, 112(7), 406–415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2011.08.021

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