Objective:To determine the pathogenesis of a patient born with congenital heart defects, who had appeared normal in prenatal screening.Methods:In routine prenatal screening, G-banding was performed to analyse the karyotypes of the family and fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to investigate the 22q11.2 deletion in the fetus. After birth, the child was found to be suffering from heart defects by transthoracic echocardiography. In the following study, sequencing was used to search for potential mutations in pivotal genes. SNP-array was employed for fine mapping of the aberrant region and quantitative real-time PCR was used to confirm the results. Furthermore, other patients with a similar phenotype were screened for the same genetic variations. To compare with a control, these variations were also assessed in the general population.Results:The child and his mother each had a region that was deleted in the beta-defensin repeats, which are usually duplicated in the general population. Besides, the child carried a SOX7-gene duplication. While this duplication was not detected in his mother, it was found in two other patients with cardiac defects who also had the similar deletion in the beta-defensin repeats.Conclusion:The congenital heart defects of the child were probably caused by a SOX7-gene duplication, which may be a consequence of the partial haplotype of beta-defensin regions at 8p23.1. To our knowledge, this is the first congenital heart defect case found to have the haplotype of beta-defensin and the duplication of SOX7. © 2013 Long et al.
Long, F., Wang, X., Fang, S., Xu, Y., Sun, K., Chen, S., & Xu, R. (2013). A Potential Relationship among Beta-Defensins Haplotype, SOX7 Duplication and Cardiac Defects. PLoS ONE, 8(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0072515