Given the 400 million people who do not have access to essential health services, the UN has included achievement of universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030 in the Sustainable Development Goals. UHC has two fundamental and interconnected commitments: the equitable access to high-quality health services and the promise of financial protection for all. To date, the global movement to achieve UHC has mainly focused on demand-side barriers by encouraging countries to increase their domestic financing for health to provide social health insurance and to decrease out-of-pocket expenditures. Yet, even with increased expenditures and efficiency in domestic financing towards these often-called demand-side barriers, the delivery of care is still hamstrung by insufficient staff, supplies, and infrastructure or so-called supply-side investments.
Mukherjee, J. S., Mugunga, J. C., Shah, A., Leta, A., Birru, E., Oswald, C., … Farmer, P. E. (2019). A practical approach to universal health coverage. The Lancet Global Health, 7(4), e410–e411. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30035-X