Rockburst is a kind of artificial earthquake induced by human activities, such as mining excavations. The mechanism of rockburst induced by mining disturbance is revealed in terms of energy in this context. For understanding the rockburst mechanism, two necessary conditions for the occurrence of rockburst are presented: (1) the rock mass has the capability to store huge amount of energy and possesses a strong bumping-prone characteristic when damaged; and (2) the geological conditions in the mining area have favorable geo-stress environments that can form high-stress concentration area and accumulate huge energy. These two conditions are also the basic criteria for prediction of rockburst. In view of energy analysis, it is observed that artificial and natural earthquakes have similar regularities in many aspects, such as the relationship between the energy value and burst magnitude. By using the relationship between energy and magnitude of natural earthquake, rockburst is predicted by disturbance energy analysis. A practical example is illustrated using the above-mentioned theorem and technique to predict rockburst in a gold mine in China. Finally, the prevention and control techniques of rockburst are also provided based on the knowledge of the rockburst mechanism.
Cai, M. (2016). Prediction and prevention of rockburst in metal mines - A case study of Sanshandao gold mine. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 8(2), 204–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrmge.2015.11.002