Predictive factors for natural pregnancy after microsurgical reconstruction in patients with primary epididymal obstructive azoospermia

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Abstract

Primary epididymal obstructive azoospermia (OA) is the most prevalent form of OA in nonvasectomized patients and has been less studied. We aim to assess the results with microsurgical vasoepididymostomy used in the treatment of men diagnosed with primary epididymal obstructive azoospermia and to identify the factors associated with natural pregnancy occurring after microsurgical reconstruction. This prospective study included consecutive patients with epididymal OA who underwent microsurgical reconstruction in our center. Clinical and biological data were obtained every three months during follow-up. Occurrence of natural pregnancy was the primary study outcome. In total, 36 patients underwent microsurgical reconstruction. The mean age was 34±4.5 years (range 24-46 years). Median follow-up time was 15 [IQR 12-21] months. The total patency rate was 77.7% (n=28). During follow-up, 8 (22.2%) natural pregnancies occurred. The overall live birth rate was 100%. Low FSH levels (HR: 0.22; 95% CI: 0.052-0.88; P=0.032) and higher total motile sperm count (TMSC) (HR: 1.001; 95% CI 1-1.001; P=0.012) were associated with a higher rate of natural pregnancy. Our data suggest that microsurgical vasoepididymostomy is an effective therapy of primary epididymal OA. Baseline lower FSH and higher TMSC were independent predictors for natural pregnancy occurrence. © 2014 Mihai Harza et al.

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Harza, M., Voinea, S., Ismail, G., Gagiu, C., Baston, C., Preda, A., … Sinescu, I. (2014). Predictive factors for natural pregnancy after microsurgical reconstruction in patients with primary epididymal obstructive azoospermia. International Journal of Endocrinology, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/873527

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