© 2015 Hasegawa et al. Oocyte retrieval failure following an ovarian hyperstimulation protocol is uncommon in assisted reproductive technology (ART) programs. We analyzed the predictive factors for oocyte retrieval failure following controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist and GnRH antagonist protocols in ART programs. Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort observational study. In total, 744 cycles from 361 patients who underwent controlled ovarian hyperstimulation with GnRH agonist long protocol or antagonist protocol were analyzed. Treatment cycles with oocyte retrieval failure and with one or more oocytes retrieved were compared to determine predictive factors for oocyte retrieval failure using univariate and multilevel multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: Oocyte retrieval failure occurred in 38 cycles (5.1 %). The oocyte retrieval failure rate of the GnRH antagonist protocol (8.1 %) was significantly higher than that of the GnRH agonist long protocol (3.7 %). On multilevel multivariate logistic analysis, cycles with GnRH antagonist protocol (odds ratio [OR] 3.06, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.05-8.96), estradiol level on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) injection (OR 0.997, 95 % CI 0.996-0.998), and luteinizing hormone (LH) level on the day of hCG injection (OR 1.19, 95 % CI 1.06-1.33) were independent predictive factors for oocyte retrieval failure. The efficacy of estradiol and LH levels on the day of hCG injection for predicting oocyte retrieval failure was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curves. In all cycles, the areas under the curve (AUCs) for estradiol and LH were 0.84 and 0.63, respectively, for all cycles; 0.84 and 0.52, respectively, for cycles with GnRH agonist long protocol; and 0.81 and 0.82, respectively, for cycles with GnRH antagonist protocol. Conclusions: Our results suggest that in cycles with GnRH antagonist protocol, the levels of estradiol and LH on the day of hCG injection might be predictive factors for oocyte retrieval failure. This relationship may provide useful information to both patients and physicians for developing better COH protocols in ART programs.
Hasegawa, A., Takahashi, T., Igarashi, H., Amita, M., Matsukawa, J., & Nagase, S. (2015). Predictive factors for oocyte retrieval failure in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation protocols: A retrospective observational cohort study. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12958-015-0052-x