Background . Many patients with panic disorder meet criteria for at least one other diagnosis, most commonly other anxiety or mood disorders. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the best empirically supported psychotherapy for panic disorder. There is now evidence indicating that cognitive-behavioral therapy for panic disorder yields positive benefits upon comorbid disorders. Objectives . The present study aimed to examine the predictors of broad dimensions of psychopathology in panic disorder after cognitive-behavioral therapy. Methods . Two hundred patients affected by panic disorder were treated with manualized group cognitive-behavioral therapy. We examined if the baseline personality dimensions of NEO Five Factor Index predicted the subscales of Symptom Checklist-90 Revised at endpoint using multiple regression analysis based on the intention-to-treat principle. Results . Conscientiousness score of NEO Five Factor Index at baseline was a predictor of four Symptom Checklist-90 Revised subscales including obsessive-compulsive ( β = - 0 . 15 , P < 0.0 1 ), depression ( β = - 0 . 13 , P < 0.05 ), phobic anxiety ( β = - 0 . 15 , P < 0.0 5 ), and Global Severity Index ( β = - 0 . 13 , P < 0.0 5 ). Conclusion . Conscientiousness at baseline may predict several dimensions of psychopathology in patients with panic disorder after cognitive-behavioral therapy. For the purpose of improving a wide range of psychiatric symptoms with patients affected by panic disorder, it may be useful to pay more attention to this personal trait at baseline.
Ogawa, S., Kondo, M., Ino, K., Imai, R., Ii, T., Furukawa, T. A., & Akechi, T. (2018). Predictors of Broad Dimensions of Psychopathology among Patients with Panic Disorder after Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. Psychiatry Journal, 2018, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5183834