Predictors of Broad Dimensions of Psychopathology among Patients with Panic Disorder after Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

  • Ogawa S
  • Kondo M
  • Ino K
  • et al.
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Abstract

Background . Many patients with panic disorder meet criteria for at least one other diagnosis, most commonly other anxiety or mood disorders. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the best empirically supported psychotherapy for panic disorder. There is now evidence indicating that cognitive-behavioral therapy for panic disorder yields positive benefits upon comorbid disorders. Objectives . The present study aimed to examine the predictors of broad dimensions of psychopathology in panic disorder after cognitive-behavioral therapy. Methods . Two hundred patients affected by panic disorder were treated with manualized group cognitive-behavioral therapy. We examined if the baseline personality dimensions of NEO Five Factor Index predicted the subscales of Symptom Checklist-90 Revised at endpoint using multiple regression analysis based on the intention-to-treat principle. Results . Conscientiousness score of NEO Five Factor Index at baseline was a predictor of four Symptom Checklist-90 Revised subscales including obsessive-compulsive ( β = - 0 . 15 , P < 0.0 1 ), depression ( β = - 0 . 13 , P < 0.05 ), phobic anxiety ( β = - 0 . 15 , P < 0.0 5 ), and Global Severity Index ( β = - 0 . 13 , P < 0.0 5 ). Conclusion . Conscientiousness at baseline may predict several dimensions of psychopathology in patients with panic disorder after cognitive-behavioral therapy. For the purpose of improving a wide range of psychiatric symptoms with patients affected by panic disorder, it may be useful to pay more attention to this personal trait at baseline.

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APA

Ogawa, S., Kondo, M., Ino, K., Imai, R., Ii, T., Furukawa, T. A., & Akechi, T. (2018). Predictors of Broad Dimensions of Psychopathology among Patients with Panic Disorder after Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. Psychiatry Journal, 2018, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5183834

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