A preliminary report on physical activity patterns among children aged 8–14 years to predict risk of cardiovascular diseases in Malwa region of Punjab

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the pattern of physical activity specific to age and gender among young Indian school going girls and boys aged 8-14 years. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Private and government sponsored schools in Patiala and Mansa District of Punjab, India. Participants: Two hundred thirty four school going girls and boys aged 8–14 years. Methodology: A structured questionnaire recorded the various forms of daily physical activity, sedentary activity as well as physical activity level of all the participants. The energy expenditure was also calculated using the standard metabolic equivalent index. Results: There is a significant difference between mean weights of participants belonging to different physical activity levels (p <.04). In comparison to boys, the girl participants have significant lower values of physical activity duration as well as total metabolic equivalent expenditure (p <.05). The total duration of moderate/vigorous physical activity declined in both girls and boys as the age increased. Conclusion: Physical activity among children in Northern regions of India is on decline as their age increases especially among girls. It is important to determine physical activity duration in early age groups and motivate children for daily physical activity.

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Esht, V., Midha, D., Chatterjee, S., & Sharma, S. (2018). A preliminary report on physical activity patterns among children aged 8–14 years to predict risk of cardiovascular diseases in Malwa region of Punjab. Indian Heart Journal, 70(6), 777–782. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.01.015

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