Preoperative lipid-control with simvastatin reduces the risk of postoperative thrombocytosis and thrombotic complications following CABG

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Abstract

Objective: It has earlier been suggested that postoperative thrombocytosis frequently occur after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and may be linked to lipid disturbances. A prospective randomized study was undertaken to evaluate if preoperative lipid-control, using HMG-CoA- reductase inhibitor (Zocor®), simvastatin, reduces the risk of postoperative thrombocytosis. Methods: Seventy-seven patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease and hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol ≥ 6.2 mmol/l), planned for CABG where randomly assigned to; undergo CABG without preoperation lipid control (group I, n = 37) or undergo simvastatin-treatment (20 mg daily) to control their lipids (4 weeks) prior to CABG (group II, n = 40). Results: Patient characteristics and operation data did not differ between the groups. Serum-cholesterol, cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol, LDL- cholesterol, Apolipoprotein A1 and Plasminogen were all significantly higher in group I patients compared with group II just prior to surgery. Other laboratory parameters did not differ. Results: In group II, total cholesterol and cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol quota were significantly lowered by simvaststin (-2 and -29%, respectively). Postoperative thrombocytosis (platelet counts ≥ 400 000/μl) occurred significantly more frequently in group I 81% (30/37) compared with 3% (1/40) in group II, P < 0.0001. Myocardial infarction after the 7th postoperative day was more often diagnosed in group I, 14 vs. 0% in group II. Postoperative transient renal failure occurred also more frequently in group I, 24% compared with 8% in group II. Other postoperative complications and laboratory data did not differ. Conclusions: This study once again underlines the importance of lipid control using HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitors (e.g. Zocor®) in patients with established coronary artery disease. For the first time it is shown that lipid-control with simvastatin prior to CABG reduces the risk of postoperative thrombocytosis, thus lowers the risk for thrombotic complications.

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APA

Christenson, J. T. (1999). Preoperative lipid-control with simvastatin reduces the risk of postoperative thrombocytosis and thrombotic complications following CABG. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 15(4), 394–400. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1010-7940(99)00034-2

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