Context: Advance directive laws have influences on ethical dilemmas encountered by physicians caring for terminal cancer patients. Objectives: To identify the prevailing ethical dilemmas among terminal care physicians 15 years after the Natural Death Act was enacted in Taiwan. Methods: This study is a cross-sectional survey from April 2014 to February 2015 using the clustering sampling method and a well-structured questionnaire. Targeted participants included physicians at oncology and related wards or palliative care units where terminal cancer care may be provided in Taiwan. Results: Among the 500 physicians surveyed, 383 responded (response rate 76.6%) and 346 valid questionnaires were included in the final analysis (effective response rate 69.2%). The most frequently identified ethical dilemma was “place of care,” followed by “use of antimicrobial agents” and “artificial nutrition and hydration.” The dilemma of “truth telling,” which ranked first in the 2005–2006 survey, now ranked at the fourth place. Stepwise logistic regression analysis revealed that female gender and knowledge of palliative care were negatively correlated with the extent of dilemmas regarding issues of “life and death.” Conclusion: The prevailing ethical dilemmas have changed in Taiwan 15 years after the enactment of the Natural Death Act, supporting that some previous strategies had worked. Our results suggest that education on the core values of palliative care, improvement of community-based hospice care program, and creating treatment guidelines with prognostication may resolve the current dilemmas. This type of survey should be adapted by individual countries to guide policy decisions on end-of-life care.
Huang, H. L., Yao, C. A., Hu, W. Y., Cheng, S. Y., Hwang, S. J., Chen, C. D., … Chiu, T. Y. (2018). Prevailing Ethical Dilemmas Encountered by Physicians in Terminal Cancer Care Changed After the Enactment of the Natural Death Act: 15 Years’ Follow-up Survey. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 55(3), 843–850. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2017.11.033