Prevalence and determinants of anemia and iron deficiency in Kuwait

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Abstract

© 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency (ID) of a nationally representative sample of the Kuwait population. We also determined if anemia differed by socioeconomic status or by RBC folate and vitamins A and B12 levels. The subjects who were made up of 1830 males and females between the ages of 2 months to 86 years, were divided into the following age groups (0–5, 5–11, 12–14, 15–19, 20–49, ≥50 years). Results showed that the prevalence of anemia was 3% in adult males and 17% in females. The prevalence of ID varied according to age between 4% (≥50 years) and 21% (5–11 years) and 9% (12–14 years) and 23% (15–19 years), respectively, in males and females. The prevalence of anemia and ID was higher in females compared to males. Adults with normal ferritin level, but with low RBC folate and vitamins A and B12 levels had higher prevalence of anemia than those with normal RBC folate and vitamins A and B12 levels. This first nationally representative nutrition and health survey in Kuwait indicated that anemia and ID are prevalent and ID contributes significantly to anemia prevalence.

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Zenki, S. A., Alomirah, H., Hooti, S. A., Hamad, N. A., Jackson, R. T., Rao, A., … Othman, A. A. (2015). Prevalence and determinants of anemia and iron deficiency in Kuwait. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12(8), 9036–9045. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120809036

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