Prevalence and Factors Associated with Hypertension among Elderly Population in Dhapasi VDC of Kathmandu District

  • Dhakal S
  • Singh R
  • Naryan Yadav U
  • et al.
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Abstract

Ageing is closely associated with the dynamic demographic and socio-economic transformation. In the elderly period hypertension is the problem related with the internal features of the body. The objective of the study was, to find out the prevalence and factors associated with hypertension among elderly population. The descriptive, crosssectional study was carried out in Dhapasi VDC among 318 elderly people selected by systematic random sampling. Ethical approval was obtained from the institutional review committee of Chitwan Medical College, Chitwan, Nepal. Data were collected through face to face interview technique using semi-structured schedule and analysis was done in SPSS version 16.0. The results unveiled that 56.9% of the elderly people were hypertensive, among them 40.8% of the respondents were diagnosed during the study, 29.6% were diagnosed before the study and 13.5% were diagnosed before and during the study. The prevalence of hypertension among smokers was 63.4%, those who were not involved in regular physical exercise was 63.8%, among those who took fat containing food more than three times in a week were 61.7%, who have disturbed sleep were 62%, who were the patients of diabetes was 90.0% and among those who have other co-morbidities was 38.7%. The prevalence of hypertension was found to be higher among elderly people. So, the study suggests that hypertension should be controlled especially with a focus to elderly population.

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Dhakal, S., Singh, R., Naryan Yadav, U., & Gurung, L. B. (2017). Prevalence and Factors Associated with Hypertension among Elderly Population in Dhapasi VDC of Kathmandu District. Journal of Hypertension: Open Access, 06(03). https://doi.org/10.4172/2167-1095.1000242

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