Objective . This study aimed to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with self-medication in dermatology in Lomé, Togo. Methods . We conducted an analytical cross-sectional study from February to April 2016 in 2 dermatology departments in Lomé. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were carried out to identify possible factors associated with self-medication. Results . A total of 711 patients were included in the study. The mean age (±SD) of the patients was 26.6±6.9 years and the sex ratio (male/female) was 0.6. The main dermatologic diseases recorded were immunoallergic dermatoses (39.7%) and infectious skin diseases (22.6%). Two-thirds (481/711; 66.7%) of the patients had practiced self-medication before consultation in dermatology units. In multivariate analysis, factors associated with self-medication were female sex (aOR = 1.44; 95% CI = [ 1.01, 2.05 ] ), duration of dermatologic disease more than one year (aOR = 1.79; IC = [ 1.19, 2.68 ] ), adnexal dermatoses (aOR = 2.31; 95% IC = [ 1.03–5.21 ] ), keratinization disorders (aOR = 4.23; 95% CI = [ 1.36–13.13 ] ), and fungal skin infections (aOR = 5.43; 95% CI = [ 2.20, 13.38 ] ). Conclusion . Our study confirms that self-medication practice is very common among patients with dermatologic diseases in Lomé and has identified associated factors.
Kombaté, K., Técléssou, J. N., Saka, B., Akakpo, A. S., Tchangai, K. O., Mouhari-Toure, A., … Pitché, P. (2017). Prevalence and Factors Associated with Self-Medication in Dermatology in Togo. Dermatology Research and Practice, 2017, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7521831