Objective: Cellular and mechanical treatment to prevent heart failure each holds therapeutic promise but together have not been reported yet. The goal of the present study was to determine whether combining a cardiac support device with cell-based therapy could prevent adverse left ventricular remodeling, more than either therapy alone. Methods: The present study was completed in 2 parts. In the first part, mesenchymal stem cells were isolated from rodent femurs and seeded on a collagen-based scaffold. In the second part, myocardial infarction was induced in 60 rats. The 24 survivors were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: control, stem cell therapy, cardiac support device, and a combination of stem cell therapy and cardiac support device. Left ventricular function was measured with biweekly echocardiography, followed by end-of-life histopathologic analysis at 6 weeks. Results: After myocardial infarction and treatment intervention, the ejection fraction remained preserved (74.9-80.2%) in the combination group at an early point (2 weeks) compared with the control group (66.2-82.8%). By 6 weeks, the combination therapy group had a significantly greater fractional area of change compared with the control group (69.2% +/- 6.7% and 49.5% +/- 6.1% respectively, P = .03). Also, at 6 weeks, the left ventricular wall thickness was greater in the combination group than in the stem cell therapy alone group (1.79 +/- 0.11 and 1.33 +/- 0.13, respectively, P = .02). Conclusions: Combining a cardiac support device with stem cell therapy preserves left ventricular function after myocardial infarction, more than either therapy alone. Furthermore, stem cell delivery using a cardiac support device is a novel delivery approach for cell-based therapies. © 2010 by The American Association for Thoracic Surgery.
S.A., M., J., G., D., W., V., T., M., B., S., L., … R., L. (2010). Preventing cardiac remodeling: The combination of cell-based therapy and cardiac support therapy preserves left ventricular function in rodent model of myocardial ischemia. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 140(6), 1374–1380. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2010.07.070