This study presents a novel technique for the controllable preparation of BaSO4 nanoparticles via the introduction of microbubbles into the reaction system. A high-concentration system based on barite industry was used, with saturated aqueous Na2SO4 and BaS solutions as the reactants. Microbubbles were generated by a membrane dispersion microreactor. The mixing performance was characterized using parallel competing reactions. The effects of various operation parameters on the nanoparticles were determined, and the reaction conditions were optimized. The results showed that the mixing performance could be improved by introducing microbubbles. The BaSO4 nanoparticles were controllably prepared, with a relatively narrow size distribution. The average particle size could likewise be reduced to approximately 40nm. A dimensionless micromixing scale of the microbubble flow was defined, and a model for predicting the BaSO4 particle size was proposed. The calculated results were consistent with the experimental data. © 2013 The Authors.
Du, L., Wang, Y. J., Lu, Y. C., & Luo, G. S. (2013). Process intensification of BaSO4 nanoparticle preparation with agitation of microbubbles. Powder Technology, 247, 60–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2013.06.030