Proposed Core Competencies and Empirical Validation Procedure in Competency Modeling: Confirmation and Classification

  • Baczyńska A
  • Rowiński T
  • Cybis N
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Abstract

Competency models provide insight into key skills which are common to many positions in an organization. Moreover, there is a range of competencies that is used by many companies. Researchers have developed core competency terminology to underline their cross-organizational value. The article presents a theoretical model of core competencies consisting of two main higher-order competencies called performance and entrepreneurship. Each of them consists of three elements: the performance competency includes cooperation, organization of work and goal orientation, while entrepreneurship includes innovativeness, calculated risk-taking and pro-activeness. However, there is lack of empirical validation of competency concepts in organizations and this would seem crucial for obtaining reliable results from organizational research. We propose a two-step empirical validation procedure: (1) confirmation factor analysis, and (2) classification of employees. The sample consisted of 636 respondents ( M = 44.5; SD = 15.1). Participants were administered a questionnaire developed for the study purpose. The reliability, measured by Cronbach’s alpha, ranged from 0.60 to 0.83 for six scales. Next, we tested the model using a confirmatory factor analysis. The two separate, single models of performance and entrepreneurial orientations fit quite well to the data, while a complex model based on the two single concepts needs further research. In the classification of employees based on the two higher order competencies we obtained four main groups of employees. Their profiles relate to those found in the literature, including so-called niche finders and top performers. Some proposal for organizations is discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: journal abstract)

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Baczyńska, A. K., Rowiński, T., & Cybis, N. (2016). Proposed Core Competencies and Empirical Validation Procedure in Competency Modeling: Confirmation and Classification. Frontiers in Psychology, 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00273

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