Objective: To compare cryopreservation of mature human oocytes with slow-rate freezing and vitrification and determine which is most efficient at establishing a pregnancy. Design: Prospective randomized. Setting: Academically affiliated, private fertility center. Patient(s): Consenting patients with concerns about embryo cryopreservation and more than nine mature oocytes at retrieval were randomized to slow-rate freezing or vitrification of supernumerary (more than nine) oocytes. Intervention(s): Oocytes were frozen or vitrified, and upon request oocytes were thawed or warmed, respectively. Main Outcome Measure(s): Oocyte survival, fertilization, embryo development, and clinical pregnancy. Result(s): Patient use has resulted in 30 thaws and 48 warmings. Women's age at time of cryopreservation was similar. Oocyte survival was significantly higher following vitrification/warming (81%) compared with freezing/thawing (67%). Fertilization was more successful in oocytes vitrified/warmed compared with frozen/thawed. Fertilized oocytes from vitrification/warming had significantly better cleavage rates (84%) compared with freezing/thawing (71%) and resulted in embryos with significantly better morphology. Although similar numbers of embryos were transferred, embryos resulting from vitrified oocytes had significantly enhanced clinical (38%) pregnancy rates compared with embryos resulting from frozen oocyte (13%). Miscarriage and/or spontaneous abortion rates were similar. Conclusion(s): Our results suggest that vitrification/warming is currently the most efficient means of oocyte cryopreservation in relation to subsequent success in establishing pregnancy. Copyright © 2010 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.
Smith, G. D., Serafini, P. C., Fioravanti, J., Yadid, I., Coslovsky, M., Hassun, P., … Motta, E. L. (2010). Prospective randomized comparison of human oocyte cryopreservation with slow-rate freezing or vitrification. Fertility and Sterility, 94(6), 2088–2095. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2009.12.065