Mechanisms coupling growth and metabolism are conserved in Drosophila and mammals. In metazoans, such coupling is achieved across tissue scales through the regulated secretion of chemical messengers such as insulin that control the metabolism and growth of cells. Although the regulated secretion of Insulin like peptide (dILP) is key to normal growth and metabolism in Drosophila, the sub-cellular mechanisms that regulate dILP release remain poorly understood. We find that reduced function of the only protein kinase D in Drosophila (dPKDH) results in delayed larval growth and development associated with abnormal sugar and lipid metabolism, reduced insulin signalling and accumulation of dILP2 in the neurosecretory IPCs of the larval brain. These phenotypes are rescued by tissue-selective reconstitution of dPKD in the neurosecretory cells of dPKDH. Selective downregulation of dPKD activity in the neurosecretory IPCs phenocopies the growth defects, metabolic abnormalities and dILP2 accumulation seen in dPKDH. Thus, dPKD mediated secretion of dILP2 from neurosecretory cells during development is necessary for normal larval growth.
Ashe, S., Malhotra, V., & Raghu, P. (2018). Protein kinase D regulates metabolism and growth by controlling secretion of insulin like peptide. Developmental Biology, 434(1), 175–185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2017.12.008