Alternative mRNA splicing directed by SR proteins and the splicing regulators TRA and TRA2 is an essential feature of Drosophila sex determination. These factors are highly phosphorylated, but the role of their phosphorylation in vivo is unclear. We show that mutations in the Drosophila LAMMER kinase, Doa, alter sexual differentiation and interact synergistically with tra and tra2 mutations. Doa mutations disrupt sex-specific splicing of doublesex pre-mRNA, a key regulator of sex determination, by affecting the phosphorylation of one or more proteins in the female-specific splicing enhancer complex. Examination of pre-mRNAs regulated similarly to dsx shows that the requirement for Doa is substrate specific. These results demonstrate that a SR protein kinase plays a specific role in developmentally regulated alternative splicing.
Du, C., McGuffin, E. E., Dauwalder, B., Rabinow, L., & Mattox, W. (1998). Protein phosphorylation plays an essential role in the regulation of alternative splicing and sex determination in Drosophila. Molecular Cell, 2(6), 741–750. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1097-2765(00)80289-0