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Abstract

Background: The aim of our study was to assess utilization patterns of psychiatric services by asylum seekers. Methods: We included 119 adults who presented themselves at the University Emergency Department between 1 March 2012 and 1 January 2017 for psychiatric consultation. Descriptive data were compared with a control group of non-Swiss individuals with warranted residence permits using Mann-Whitney-U and chi square (χ2) tests. Results: Patients were mainly single, male, residing in reception centers, and presented themselves most frequently due to suicidal ideation. Almost 60% of the patients were assigned to inpatient treatments, with 28 involuntary cases. Compared to the control group, asylum seekers were younger and more often men (p < 0.001 for both). Further, they less often had family in Switzerland (χ2 = 9.91, p = 0.007). The proportion of patients coming in as walk-ins was significantly higher in the control group than in asylum seekers (χ2 = 37.0, p < 0.001). Asylum seekers were more frequently referred due to suicidal ideation and aggressive behavior than participants in the control group (χ2 = 80.07, p < 0.001). Diagnoses for asylum seekers infrequently included mood, as they often reported stress-related disorders (χ2 = 19.6, p = 0.021) and they were infrequently released home (χ2 = 9.19, p = 0.027). Conclusion: Asylum seekers more frequently demonstrated severe symptoms such as suicidal ideation and aggressive behavior and they were mainly treated as inpatients, potentially due to minimal social resources.

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APA

G., S., S., E., M.E., R., D.S., S., S., W., & A., E. (2018). Psychiatric emergencies of asylum seekers; descriptive analysis and comparison with immigrants of warranted residence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(7). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071300 LK  - http://resolver.lib.washington.edu/resserv?sid=EMBASE&issn=16604601&id=doi:10.3390%2Fijerph15071300&atitle=Psychiatric+emergencies+of+asylum+seekers%3B+descriptive+analysis+and+comparison+with+immigrants+of+warranted+residence&stitle=Int.+J.+Environ.+Res.+Public+Health&title=International+Journal+of+Environmental+Research+and+Public+Health&volume=15&issue=7&spage=&epage=&aulast=Schoretsanitis&aufirst=Georgios&auinit=G.&aufull=Schoretsanitis+G.&coden=&isbn=&pages=-&da

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