Research results of spintronics based on spin-orbit (SO) interaction in non-magnetic semiconductor hetero-junctions obtained recently have been described. Works are based on the two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs) confined at compound semiconductor narrow band-gap hetero-interface. Due to the electric field originated from the confining potential asymmetry, the 2DEG often yields strong SO interaction which could reveal under no magnetic field. This type of SO interaction (Rashba interaction) can be controlled by the applied gate voltage and hence the field effect transistor (FET) utilizing this principle has so far been proposed and discussed extensively. We describe two recent results in this paper: First is molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth of novel narrow-gap modulation-doped heterojunction, InGaSb/InAlSb material system which possibly reveals high quality electronic properties as well as very strong Rashba SO coupling. Recently we indeed obtained the sample with a very large SO coupling constant of ~40×10-12 eVm which is almost comparable to the best value obtained in the former InGaAs/InAlAs systems. Second is relating to the control of Rashba SO interaction in long wires with side gates. As a result of careful analysis about the dependencies of the SO coupling constant on the gate voltage, we confirmed the side-gate control of the Rashba effect for the first time, which could be a promising result to develop the spin-FET based quantum-bit devices. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Yamada, S. (2005). Quantum transport analysis and narrow-gap heterojunction growth for Rashba-type spintronics devices. In Science and Technology of Advanced Materials (Vol. 6, pp. 406–410). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stam.2005.04.006