The quest for molecular quasi-species in ligand-activity space and its application to directed enzyme evolution

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Abstract

We propose that the proper evolving unit in enzyme evolution is not a single " fittest molecule" , but a cluster of related variants denoted a " quasi-species" A distribution of variants provides genetic variability and thereby reduces the risk of inbreeding and evolutionary dead-ends. Different matrices of substrates or activity modulators will lead to different selection criteria and divergent evolutionary trajectories. We provide examples from our directed evolution of glutathione transferases illustrating the interplay between libraries of enzyme variants and ligand matrices in the identification of quasi-species. The ligand matrix is shown to be crucial to the outcome of the search for novel activities. In this sense the experimental system resembles the biological environment in governing the evolution of enzymes. © 2010 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.

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Mannervik, B., & Runarsdottir, A. (2010, June). The quest for molecular quasi-species in ligand-activity space and its application to directed enzyme evolution. FEBS Letters. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2010.04.024

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