African-American/Black smokers are less likely than White smokers to be told to quit smoking by healthcare providers. This preliminary study examined the predictors of being told to quit separately by race for the first time to potentially highlight the source of this racial disparity. A random, household sample of 1670 Black and White adults from a southeastern county of the United States completed a brief survey on their demographics, smoking, access to healthcare, health status, and receipt of healthcare provider advice to quit smoking. Analyses are based on the 512 Black and White smokers in that sample. The logistic regression for all smokers revealed that after controlling for demographic, healthcare, and health status variables, White smokers were 2.39 times more likely than Black smokers to have ever been told to quit smoking. The regression for Black smokers revealed that women and older people were more likely to be told to quit, and that healthcare and health status did not contribute. In the regression for White smokers, no predictor was statistically significant. These findings suggest that one possible reason that African-Americans receive cessation advice less often than Whites is that such advice varies with their age and gender, whereas for Whites this is not the case.
Landrine, H., Corral, I., & Campbell, K. M. (2018). Racial disparities in healthcare provider advice to quit smoking. Preventive Medicine Reports, 10, 172–175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.03.003