Radial approach and single wiring as first intentional strategies in chronic total occlusions of the left anterior descending coronary artery

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Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) specifically is associated with improved long-term 5. years survival as compared to PCI failure. Simpler PCI techniques may be successful and safer than complex techniques which are perceived to have high failure rates and technical complexity. We aimed to describe the safety and effectiveness of first intentional single wiring and radial approach in the treatment of patients with a CTO of the native LAD coronary artery at Toulouse Rangueil university hospitals. Patients and methods: The study was a single center prospective registry. All patients showed evidence of myocardial viability in LAD territory. The operators' initial strategy was to start by a radial access as a first choice whenever feasible; if not, a femoral access was chosen. The initial strategy for lesion crossing in either antegrade or retrograde approaches was single wiring by lesion crossing using one guidewire (GW) as a simple technique. Results: A total of 30 patients with 30 LAD CTO lesions (100%) were recorded. Mean age was 71.6 + 15. years, 77% were males and 23% were females. The access route was radial 66% of the time and femoral 54% of the time and with double access for contralateral injection in 40% of the patients. Sheaths and catheters sizes 6F were used in 53% of the patients, and 7F in 73% of the patients. Overall lesion success rate was 83% of lesions. Single wiring was the prevailing technique used in 97% of successful lesions (83% of total cases), while only 3% were by multiple wiring techniques. Successful single antegrade wiring represented 63% of our total study cases with a GW success rate of 92% of cases. Successful single retrograde wiring represented 13% of our cases with a GW success rate of 67%. Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis, stroke, emergency coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), major bleeding, radiation dermatitis, cardiac tamponade or clinical perforation requiring any hemostatic maneuvers did not occur. There was a post-procedural Troponin rise of 3x normal levels in 30% of patients, and contrast induced nephropathy in 7%. Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABCP) was used in 3% of patients and cardiac death occurred in 3% of patients. Conclusion: Single wiring and radial access as initial strategies in PCI for LAD-CTO lesions in either approaches antegrade or retrograde are associated with a high procedural success rate and an acceptable incidences of adverse events. © 2013.




Nassar, Y., Boudou, N., & Carrie, D. (2013). Radial approach and single wiring as first intentional strategies in chronic total occlusions of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Journal of the Saudi Heart Association, 25(2), 67–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsha.2013.02.003

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