Millimeter-wave communication (mmWC) is considered as one of the pioneer candidates for 5G indoor and outdoor systems in E-band. To subdue the channel propagation characteristics in this band, high dimensional antenna arrays need to be deployed at both the base station (BS) and mobile sets (MS). Unlike the conventional MIMO systems, Millimeter-wave (mmW) systems lay away to employ the power predatory equipment such as ADC or RF chain in each branch of MIMO system because of hardware constraints. Such systems leverage to the hybrid precoding (combining) architecture for downlink deployment. Because there is a large array at the transceiver, it is impossible to estimate the channel by conventional methods. This paper develops a new algorithm to estimate the mmW channel by exploiting the sparse nature of the channel. The main contribution is the representation of a sparse channel model and the exploitation of a modified approach based on Multiple Measurement Vector (MMV) greedy sparse framework and subspace method of Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC) which work together to recover the indices of non-zero elements of an unknown channel matrix when the rank of the channel matrix is defected. In practical rank-defective channels, MUSIC fails, and we need to propose new extended MUSIC approaches based on subspace enhancement to compensate the limitation of MUSIC. Simulation results indicate that our proposed extended MUSIC algorithms will have proper performances and moderate computational speeds, and that they are even able to work in channels with an unknown sparsity level.
Dastgahian, M. S., & Khoshbin, H. (2016). Rank-defective millimeter-wave channel estimation based on subspace-compressive sensing. Digital Communications and Networks, 2(4), 206–217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcan.2016.10.006