An introduction to a special issue on rapid assessment & response (RAR) describes it as an action-oriented process intended to develop harm reduction responses & prevention interventions. The origins of RAR are examined; maintaining it can be traced to social interactionism in the sociology of the Chicago school during the 1920s, which stressed multiple qualitative data sources to create situational descriptions of human action in its social context. Contemporary notions of rapid assessment demonstrate a synthesis of varied research/intervention traditions, including applied survey research in public health epidemiology; qualitative approaches in sociology/anthropology; action research in community development; & emergency responses in international development. Increased use of RAR in public health rural appraisal & the field of illicit drug use is described, along with RAR guides that have been developed to help implement RAR methodology. Other issues discussed include the scope of multiple methods needed to provide adequate data for making valid decisions, the need to incorporate rapid assessment in community action programs, & lessons learned in human immunodeficiency virus prevention. 85 References. K. Hyatt.
Rhodes, T., Fitch, C., Stimson, G. V., & Kumar, M. S. (2000, March 1). Rapid assessment in the drugs field. International Journal of Drug Policy. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0955-3959(99)00066-3