The introduction of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) brought about significant advancement in the field of bronchoscopy. The major indications for EBUS-TBNA are lung cancer staging and diagnosis of mediastinal lymphadenopathy. This procedure is minimally invasive and cost saving, and no complications have been described in large-scale studies. In this report, we present a case of empyema, lung abscess, and mediastinal abscess that developed in a patient undergoing EBUS-TBNA; the patient subsequently recovered uneventfully after aggressive surgical debridement and antimicrobial therapy. © 2010 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery.
Huang, C. T., Chen, C. Y., Ho, C. C., & Yu, C. J. (2011). A rare constellation of empyema, lung abscess, and mediastinal abscess as a complication of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 40(1), 264–265. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcts.2010.11.037