There are few reports on the biological homogeneity within the spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) of proton beams. Therefore, to evaluate the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) and the oxygen enhancement ratio (OER), human salivary gland tumor (HSG) cells were irradiated at the plateau position (position A) and three different positions within a 6-cm-wide SOBP (position B, 26 mm proximal to the middle; position C, middle; position D, 26 mm distal to the middle) using 155-MeV/n proton beams under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions at the Proton Medical Research Center, University of Tsukuba, Japan. The RBE to the plateau region (RBEplateau) and the OER value were calculated from the doses corresponding to 10% survival data. Under the normoxic condition, the RBEplateau was 1.00, 0.99 and 1.09 for positions B, C and D, respectively. Under the hypoxic condition, the RBEplateau was 1.10, 1.06 and 1.12 for positions B, C and D, respectively. The OER was 2.84, 2.60, 2.63 and 2.76 for positions A, B, C and D, respectively. There were no significant differences in either the RBEplateau or the OER between these three positions within the SOBP. In conclusion, biological homogeneity need not necessarily be taken into account for treatment planning for proton beam therapy at the University of Tsukuba.
Kanemoto, A., Hirayama, R., Moritake, T., Furusawa, Y., Sun, L., Sakae, T., … Sakurai, H. (2014). RBE and OER within the spread-out Bragg peak for proton beam therapy: In vitro study at the Proton Medical Research Center at the University of Tsukuba. Journal of Radiation Research, 55(5), 1028–1032. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrr/rru043