This paper presents a series of devices generating renewable energy from the marine environment, which in recent years have attracted increasing interest. Especially we describe the major types of Floating Wind Generators, Marine Current Turbines and various devices based on wave energy. It highlights key requirements to be considered from the point of view of control engineering, considering the objectives of achieving economic viability in view of its stability, reliability and availability in a particularly aggressive marine environment, where maintenance operations are particularly costly.
García, E., Correcher, A., Quiles, E., & Morant, F. (2016). Recursos y sistemas energéticos renovables del entorno marino y sus requerimientos de control. RIAI - Revista Iberoamericana de Automatica e Informatica Industrial, 13(2), 141–161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.riai.2016.03.002