Disruption of skin barrier function leads to increases in the percutaneous transfer of allergens and the incidence of atopic dermatitis. Flaky tail (Flg ft) mice have been used as a model of atopic dermatitis with skin barrier dysfunction. Although Flg ft mice are known to have filaggrin mutation, the mechanism responsible for the skin barrier dysfunction that they display needs to be determined, especially for the roles of epidermal adhesion and junction proteins. Herein, we report the decreased expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), E-cadherin, occludin, and SIRT1 in the skin of Flg ft mice, compared with those in C57BL/6J mice. Administration of N-acetyl-L-cysteine, an antioxidant, in the drinking water improved these protein expressions in the skin of Flg ft mice. Notably, we discovered that loricrin expression was suppressed in Flg ft mice. In vitro experiments showed that filaggrin small interfering RNA, loricrin small interfering RNA, or SIRT1 inhibitor sirtinol suppressed the expression levels of EGFR, E-cadherin, and occludin in a human immortalized keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT cells). Our findings suggest that the observed reductions in EGFR, E-cadherin, and occludin expression were due to filaggrin deficiency accompanied with subsequent loricrin deficiency and disruption of the SIRT1 pathway in the skin of Flg ft mice. © 2012 American Society for Investigative Pathology.
Nakai, K., Yoneda, K., Hosokawa, Y., Moriue, T., Presland, R. B., Fallon, P. G., … Kubota, Y. (2012). Reduced expression of epidermal growth factor receptor, E-cadherin, and occludin in the skin of flaky tail mice is due to filaggrin and loricrin deficiencies. American Journal of Pathology, 181(3), 969–977. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2012.06.005