Objective: To investigate electrical and mechanical properties of single myocytes isolated from different regions of the left ventricle in control and hypertrophied hearts. Methods: Mild cardiac hypertrophy was induced in guinea-pigs by aortic constriction. Myocytes were isolated from basal sub- endocardial, basal mid-myocardial and apical sub-epicardial layers of the left ventricle. Action potentials were stimulated at 1 Hz. Membrane currents were measured using the switch-clamp technique. Cell shortening was measured using a photodiode array. Results: In control hearts mean action potential duration (APD) was longer in sub-endocardial myocytes than in sub-epicardial myocytes. In hypertrophy APD was prolonged in sub-epicardial and mid- myocardial myocytes and unchanged in sub-endocardial myocytes (APD90 ms, control: sub-endocardial 273 ± 12, mid-myocardial 254 ± 14, sub-epicardial 229 ± 9, hypertrophy: sub-endocardial 259 ± 13, mid-myocardial 291 ± 9, sub-epicardial 268 ± 11, P < 0.05, ANOVA). There was no significant regional difference in APD in hypertrophied hearts. In control hearts L-type calcium current (I(Ca)) was similar in all regions. In hypertrophy I(Ca) was increased in sub-epicardial and mid-myocardial myocytes and reduced in sub- endocardial myocytes. Calcium-activated tail currents were not regionally different in control or hypertrophied hearts, but were increased in hypertrophy. Conclusions: Changes in electrical and mechanical properties associated with hypertrophy are not homogeneous throughout the left ventricle. The difference in APD between sub-endocardial and sub-epicardial myocytes seen in control hearts is lost in hypertrophy. These results may favour the propagation of re-entry arrhythmias in hypertrophied hearts.
Bryant, S. M., Shipsey, S. J., & Hart, G. (1997). Regional differences in electrical and mechanical properties of myocytes from guinea-pig hearts with mild left ventricular hypertrophy. Cardiovascular Research, 35(2), 315–323. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6363(97)00111-9