Institutions commonly employ three types of mechanisms in an effort to reduce the prevalence of fraudulent evaluation practices: the normative or regulatory; the formative and informative, and detection measures. This paper focuses on the first category of measures, by using content analysis to assess the regulatory systems in place in 72 Spanish universities. We find a general lack of attention to the issue, as well as inadequate or outdated mechanisms in place in many universities. These factors suggest the need for new measures and provisions in order to improve the institutions' capacity to combat fraud in the evaluation process.
Sureda-Negre, J., Reynes-Vives, J., & Comas-Forgas, R. (2016). Reglamentación contra el fraude académico en las universidades españolas. Revista de La Educacion Superior, 45(178), 31–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resu.2016.03.002