Regression in thromboembolic type of primary pulmonary hypertension during 2½ years of antithrombotic therapy

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Abstract

Primary pulmonary hypertension carries a poor prognosis, with a 5 year survival rate of less than 25%. However, a previous study of more than 100 patients with tissue-proved primary pulmonary hypertension suggested that antithrombotic therapy may have a beneficial effect on survival, especially in patients with the thromboembolic type of primary pulmonary hypertension. This report describes a 54 year old white man with primary pulmonary hypertension of the thromboembolic type (proved by right upper lobe lung biopsy) who, after long-term antithrombotic therapy, showed resolution of symptoms of dyspnea and fatigue, regression of electrocardiographic signs of right ventricular hypertrophy and regression of elevated pulmonary artery pressure. Baseline cardiac catheterization in January 1982 revealed elevated pulmonary artery pressure (104/37 mm Hg) and pulmonary vascular resistance (14.6 units/m 2 ) that did not decrease with 100% oxygen or intravenous hydralazine (12 mg). The patient was treated with warfarin and dipyridamole, 100 mg four times daily. The most recent cardiac catheterization in January 1984 revealed a pulmonary artery pressure of 50/15 mm Hg and a pulmonary vascular resistance of 8.7 units/m 2 . It is believed that this is the first report of regression of the symptoms and signs of biopsy-proved primary pulmonary hypertension. In view of the lack of a response to vasodilators in 1982, it is suggested that antithrombotic therapy is partially responsible for the improvement of this patient. © 1986, American College of Cardiology Foundation. All rights reserved.

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Cohen, M., Edwards, W. D., & Fuster, V. (1986). Regression in thromboembolic type of primary pulmonary hypertension during 2½ years of antithrombotic therapy. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 7(1), 172–175. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0735-1097(86)80277-7

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