Regulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis by the morphogenesis checkpoint kinase Swe1

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Abstract

Sphingolipid (SL) biosynthesis is negatively regulated by the highly conserved endoplasmic reticulum-localized Orm family proteins. Defective SL synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae leads to increased phosphorylation and inhibition of Orm proteins by the kinase Ypk1. Here we present evidence that the yeast morphogenesis checkpoint kinase, Swe1, regulates SL biosynthesis independent of the Ypk1 pathway. Deletion of the Swe1 kinase renders mutant cells sensitive to serine palmitoyltransferase inhibition due to impaired sphingoid long-chain base synthesis. Based on these data and previous results, we suggest that Swe1 kinase perceives alterations in SL homeostasis, activates SL synthesis, and may thus represent the missing regulatory link that controls the SL rheostat during the cell cycle.

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Chauhan, N., Han, G., Somashekarappa, N., Gable, K., Dunn, T., & Kohlwein, S. D. (2016). Regulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis by the morphogenesis checkpoint kinase Swe1. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 291(5), 2524–2534. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M115.693200

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