With the aim of helping move research from rhetoric to empirical reality, this article reports results of a national survey of city managers on attitudes towards and actions taken to implement principles of reinventing government. A large majority of managers support key principles of reinvention. A smaller proportion of managers has taken actions to recommend adoption of reinvention programs in their budget proposals to council. Managers’ action-taking is influenced by certain characteristics of city managers, their communities, and their governments, including managers’ attitudes and experiences, slack resources, and region.
Kearney, R. C., Feldman, B. M., & Scavo, C. P. F. (2000). Reinventing government: City manager attitudes and actions. Public Administration Review, 60(6), 535–548. https://doi.org/10.1111/0033-3352.00116