Relationship between Metabolic Fluxes and Sequence-Derived Properties of Enzymes

  • Zikmanis P
  • Kampenusa I
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Abstract

Metabolic fluxes are key parameters of metabolic pathways being closely related to the kinetic properties of enzymes, thereby could be dependent on. This study examines possible relationships between the metabolic fluxes and the physical-chemical/structural features of enzymes from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae glycolysis pathway. Metabolic fluxes were quantified by the COPASI tool using the kinetic models of Hynne and Teusink at varied concentrations of external glucose. The enzyme sequences were taken from the UniProtKB and the average amino acid (AA) properties were computed using the set of Georgiev’s uncorrelated scales that satisfy the VARIMAX criterion and specific AA indices that show the highest correlations with those. Multiple linear regressions (88.41% < Radjusted2< 93.32% ; P<0.00001 ) were found between the values of metabolic fluxes and the selected sets of the average AA properties. The hydrophobicity, α -helicity, and net charge were pointed out as the most influential characteristics of the sequences. The results provide an evidence that metabolic fluxes of the yeast glycolysis pathway are closely related to certain physical-chemical properties of relevant enzymes and support the view on the interdependence of catalytic, binding, and structural AA residues to ensure the efficiency of biocatalysts and, hence, physiologically adequate metabolic processes.

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Zikmanis, P., & Kampenusa, I. (2014). Relationship between Metabolic Fluxes and Sequence-Derived Properties of Enzymes. International Scholarly Research Notices, 2014, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/817102

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