Approximately one in three older people fall each year owing to gait/balance disorder/weakness, the second leading cause of falls in older adults. This review evaluates the capability of different balance measurement tools to predict falls in the elderly, which are used routinely for assessing balance impairment. Balance measurement tools reviewed are the Timed Up and Go test, Berg Balance Scale, Tinetti Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment, Functional Reach Test, Clinical Test of Sensory Integration for Balance, and the postural sway measurements or center of pressure. The effect of balance training on the postural control mechanism and its efficacy in fall prevention in older adults were also reviewed. The current evidence is not conclusive enough to favor existing balance measurement tools and balance training implemented for fall prevention in older adults. © 2013, Asia Pacific League of Clinical Gerontology & Geriatrics.
Noohu, M. M., Dey, A. B., & Hussain, M. E. (2014). Relevance of balance measurement tools and balance training for fall prevention in older adults. Journal of Clinical Gerontology and Geriatrics. Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcgg.2013.05.002