The intersection of religion and science has been both more complex and less conflictive than is frequently depicted by those who cite the trial of Galileo, the dispute over the theological implications of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection, and the Scopes trial as evidence of the historical incompatibility of religious beliefs and science. This article suggests that a complexity thesis better accounts for the relationship than the more familiar conflict thesis. It surveys the history of the relations between religion and science in the Western tradition from the fifth century BC to the present, with special reference to Christianity.
Ferngren, G. B. (2015). Religion and Sciences. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition (pp. 284–291). Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.84030-1