The effects of ischaemic injury and reperfusion on renal function, cortical ATP content, alkaline phosphatase activity and (Na++K+)-ATPase activity and abundance in cortical homogenates and isolated basolateral and apical membranes were examined. Rats were submitted to 5 or 40 min of right renal artery occlusion and 60 min of reperfusion. Renal function of the ischaemic-reperfused kidney was studied by conventional clearance techniques. Our results show that 1 h of reperfusion after a short period of renal ischaemia (5 min) allows the complete restoration of the biochemical features of cortical cells and functional properties of the injured kidney. A longer period of ischaemia, such as 40 min, followed by 1 h of reperfusion showed functional and biochemical alterations. ATP recovered from 26% after 40 min of ischaemia to 50% of control values after 1 h reperfusion. However, renal function was strongly impaired. Brush border integrity was compromised, as suggested by AP excretion and actin appearance in urine. Although total cortical (Na++K+)-ATPase activity was not different from controls, its distribution in isolated apical and basolateral membranes was abnormal. Remarkably, we detected an increase in α-subunit protein abundance that may suggest that (Na++K+)-ATPase synthesis is promoted by ischaemia-reperfusion. This increase may play an important role in the pathophysiology of ischaemic acute renal failure. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Coux, G., Trumper, L., & Elías, M. M. (2002). Renal function and cortical (Na++K+)-ATPase activity, abundance and distribution after ischaemia-reperfusion in rats. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease, 1586(1), 71–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-4439(01)00087-4