Reoperation, myocardial infarction and mortality after transurethral and open prostatectomy: A nation-wide, long-term analysis of 23,123 cases

  • S. M
  • J. L
  • C. B
  • et al.
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Abstract

Objective: To analyse long-term rates of reoperation, myocardial infarction and mortality after transurethral (TURP) and open prostatectomy (open PE) in a nation-wide analysis. Material and Methods: Patients who underwent TURP (n = 20,671) or open PE (n = 2452) in Austria between 1992 and 1996 entered this study and were followed for up to 8 years. Actuarial cumulative incidences of reoperation (TURP, urethrotomy, bladder neck incision), myocardial infarction and death after 1, 5 and 8 years were calculated. Data were provided by the Austrian Health Institute (OBIG). Results: Actuarial cumulative incidences of a secondary TURP after primary TURP at 1, 5 and 8 years were 2.9%, 5.8% and 7.4%; the respective numbers after open PE 1.0%, 2.7% and 3.4%. The overall incidence of a secondary endourological procedure (TURP, urethrotomy, bladder neck incision) within 8 years was 14.7% after TURP and 9.5% after open PE. The 8 years incidence of myocardial infarction was identical after TURP (4.8%) and open PE (4.9%). In parallel, mortality rates at 90 days (TURP: 0.7%; open PE: 0.9%), one year (2.8% vs. 2.7%), 5 years (12.7% vs. 11.8%) and 8 years (20% vs. 20.9%) was identical after TURP and open PE. Conclusions: This large-scale, contemporary, nation-wide analysis confirms the higher reoperation rate after TURP compared to open PE. We observed no excess risk of myocardial infarction or death after TURP compared to open PE. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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S., M., J., L., C., B., M., R., I., S., & M., W. (2005). Reoperation, myocardial infarction and mortality after transurethral and open prostatectomy: A nation-wide, long-term analysis of 23,123 cases. European Urology. G. Schatzl, Department of Urology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. E-mail: georg.schatzl@meduniwien.ac.at: Elsevier. Retrieved from http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=reference&D=emed7&NEWS=N&AN=2005121048

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