This paper presents a new algorithm for solving the equations of motion of multi-storey buildings that incorporate frictional energy dissipators as seismic protection. The behavior of the dissipators is represented by Coulomb dry friction models; they introduce severe nonlinearities in the dynamic behavior of the structure every time that the contact conditions (stick or slip) change in the dissipators. These nonlinearities complicate the resolution of the equations of motion as it usually is described by lumped masses models whose degrees of freedom are the displacements of the floors and, as the stick or slip conditions change, the degrees of freedom must be modified: for blocking conditions they are only the displacements of the storeys while under sliding conditions the displacements of the dissipators have to be also considered. In previous articles the accuracy of the proposed algorithm has been verified by comparison with experimental results; as well, the computational efficiency of the algorithm has been confirmed by comparing the required resources (in terms of computation time and of memory allocation) with those of other algorithms. The objectives of this paper are to describe in detail the numerical solution of the equations of motion and present representative examples confirming the ability of the algorithm to reproduce the dynamic behavior of buildings with friction dissipators and reporting preliminarily about the usefulness of such devices to reduce the oscillations of the structure to be protected.
López-Almansa, F., & Oller, S. (2014). Resolución numérica de las ecuaciones del movimiento de edificios de varias plantas con no linealidades severas. Revista Internacional de Metodos Numericos Para Calculo y Diseno En Ingenieria, 30(3), 194–202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rimni.2013.06.007