Aims: This study investigated the possible association between hs-CRP as well as hs-CRP changes and rhythm outcome after AF catheter ablation. Methods: We studied 68 consecutive patients with AF undergoing catheter ablation. hs-CRP levels were measured using commercially available assays before and 6 months after catheter ablation. Serial 7-day Holter ECGs were used to detect AF recurrences. Results: Early AF recurrence (ERAF, within one week) was observed in 38%, while late AF recurrence (LRAF, between 3 and 6 months) occurred in 18% of the patients. None of the baseline clinical or echocardiographic variables was predictive of ERAF or LRAF. Baseline hs-CRP measured 2.07±1.1 μg/ml and was not associated with ERAF and LRAF. At 6 months, hs-CRP levels were comparable with baseline values (2.14±1.19 μg/ml, p = 0.409) and were also not related with LRAF. However, patients with LRAF showed an hs-CRP increase from 2.03±0.61 to 2.62±1.52 μg/ml (p = 0.028). Patients with an hs-CRP change in the upper tertile (>0.2 μg/ml) had LRAF in 32% as opposed to 11% (p = 0.042) in patients in the lower (<-0.3 μg/ml) or intermediate (-0.3-0.2 μg/ml) tertile. Conclusions: Changes in hs-CRP but not baseline hs-CRP are associated with rhythm outcome after AF catheter ablation. This finding points to a link between an inflammatory response and AF recurrence in this setting. © 2012 Kornej et al.
Kornej, J., Reinhardt, C., Kosiuk, J., Arya, A., Hindricks, G., Adams, V., … Bollmann, A. (2012). Response of High-Sensitive C-Reactive Protein to Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation and Its Relation with Rhythm Outcome. PLoS ONE, 7(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044165