The k-restricted domination number of a graph G is the smallest integer dk such that given any subset U of k vertices of G, there exists a dominating set of G of cardinality at most dk containing U. Hence, the k-restricted domination number of a graph G measures how many vertices are necessary to dominate a graph if an arbitrary set of k vertices must be included in the dominating set. When k = 0, the k-restricted domination number is the domination number. For k ≥ 1, it is known that dk ≤ (2 n + 3 k) / 5 for all connected graphs of order n and minimum degree at least 2 (see [M.A. Henning, Restricted domination in graphs, Discrete Math. 254 (2002) 175-189]). In this paper we characterize those graphs of order n which are edge-minimal with respect to satisfying the conditions of connected, minimum degree at least two, and dk = (2 n + 3 k) / 5. These results extend results due to McCuaig and Shepherd [Domination in graphs with minimum degree two, J. Graph Theory 13 (1989) 749-762]. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Henning, M. A. (2007). Restricted domination in graphs with minimum degree 2. Discrete Mathematics, 307(11–12), 1356–1366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.disc.2005.11.073