Retrovirus-Specificity of Regulatory T Cells Is Neither Present nor Required in Preventing Retrovirus-Induced Bone Marrow Immune Pathology

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Abstract

Chronic viral infections of the hematopoietic system are associated with bone marrow dysfunction, to which both virus-mediated and immune-mediated effects may contribute. Using unresolving noncytopathic Friend virus (FV) infection in mice, we showed that unregulated CD4+ T cell response to FV caused IFN-γ-mediated bone marrow pathology and anemia. Importantly, bone marrow pathology was triggered by relative insufficiency in regulatory T (Treg) cells and was prevented by added Treg cells, which suppressed the local IFN-γ production by FV-specific CD4+ T cells. We further showed that the T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire of transgenic Treg cells expressing the β chain of an FV-specific TCR was virtually devoid of FV-specific clones. Moreover, anemia induction by virus-specific CD4+ T cells was efficiently suppressed by virus-nonspecific Treg cells. Thus, sufficient numbers of polyclonal Treg cells may provide substantial protection against bone marrow pathology in chronic viral infections. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Antunes, I., Tolaini, M., Kissenpfennig, A., Iwashiro, M., Kuribayashi, K., Malissen, B., … Kassiotis, G. (2008). Retrovirus-Specificity of Regulatory T Cells Is Neither Present nor Required in Preventing Retrovirus-Induced Bone Marrow Immune Pathology. Immunity, 29(5), 782–794. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2008.09.016

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