Giant-cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic autoimmune disease affecting primarily the elderly. Giant cell arteritis can cause sudden and potentially bilateral sequential vision loss in the elderly. Therefore, it is considered a medical emergency in ophthalmology and a significant cause of morbidity in an increasingly aging population. Ophthalmologists need to be able to recognize the classic symptoms and signs of this disease, and then be able to work-up and treat these patients in an efficient manner. An in-depth review of GCA from the literature as well as personal clinical experience follows.
Chacko, J. G., Chacko, J. A., & Salter, M. W. (2015, January 1). Review of Giant cell arteritis. Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjopt.2014.10.001